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A toilet is a piece of sanitary hardware that collects human urine and feces, and sometimes toilet paper, usually for disposal. Flush toilets use water, while dry or non-flush toilets do not. They can be designed for a sitting position popular in Europe and North America with a toilet seat, with additional considerations for those with disabilities, or for a squatting posture more popular in Asia (see squat toilet). In urban areas, flush toilets are usually connected to a sewer system that leads to septic tanks in isolated areas. The waste is known as blackwater and the combined effluent including other sources is sewage. Dry toilets are connected to a pit, removable container, composting chamber, or other storage and treatment device, including urine diversion with a urine-diverting toilet.
The technology used for modern toilets varies. Toilets are commonly made of ceramic (porcelain), concrete, plastic, or wood. Newer toilet technologies include dual flushing, low flushing, toilet seat warming, self-cleaning, female urinals and waterless urinals. Japan is known for its toilet technology. Airplane toilets are specially designed to operate in the air. The need to maintain anal hygiene post-defecation is universally recognized and toilet paper (often held by a toilet roll holder), which may also be used to wipe the vulva after urination, is widely used (as well as bidets).
In private homes, depending on the region and style, the toilet may exist in the same bathroom as the sink, bath, and shower. Another option is to have one room for body washing (also called "bathroom") and a separate one for the toilet and handwashing sink (toilet room). Public toilets (restrooms) consist of one or more toilets (and commonly single urinals or trough urinals) which are available for use by the general public. Products like urinal blocks and toilet blocks help maintain the smell and cleanliness of toilets. Toilet seat covers are sometimes used. Portable toilets (frequently chemical "porta johns") may be brought in for large and temporary gatherings.
Historically, sanitation has been a concern from the earliest stages of human settlements. However, many poor households in developing countries use very basic, and often unhygienic, toilets - and nearly one billion people have no access to a toilet at all; they must openly defecate and urinate. Or else they must resort to a "flying toilet": a plastic bag. These issues can lead to the spread of diseases transmitted via the fecal-oral route, or the transmission of waterborne diseases such as cholera and diarrhea. Therefore, the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 6 wants to "achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation".

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  1. D

    Replacing a ridget water intake pipe for a toilet with a flexable hose

    I'm trying to replace the intake pipe for a toilet. The current one is ridget pvc piping. I'm trying to swap it with a flexible hose to install a bidet. I can disconnect the pipe from the toilet, but I can't unscrew it from the shutoff valve. Am I meant to be able to dismantle it or is it just...
  2. A

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    Hi all, I've been researching and planning a job for my home the past few days and a few pieces of advice would be welcome to help me along the way. I have a cloakroom toilet which has a toilet and a sink, where the sink currently is there is good room to put a small shower cubicle and a...
  3. M

    Toilet syphon nut split issue

    Hi I recently fitted a brand new Macdee syphon into a toilet and 4 weeks later it is broken at the nut which allows it to be serviced. When pulling the handle to flush the toilet I did notice flex in the unit but not alot. Is this a common issue to happen with newer 2 part (serviceable...
  4. R

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  5. S

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  6. M

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  7. P

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    I wonder if anyone is able to help with advice on this. We have fitted a new toilet and 6 litre cistern .. it flushes .. but not as efficiently as it should in my view. It usually needs at least 2 flushes to even shift just toilet paper. It hasn’t been used for anything other than that. It’s a...
  8. Y

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  9. johnnybaloney

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  10. M

    Toilet flushes fine - but then appears to back up.

    Moved into house and had new downstairs cloakroom toilet fitted. Flushes perfectly and quickly. However, over the next hour or two the water discolours as though it has not been flushed and if a brush is then used, bits of paper and ‘other matter’ appear in the bowl. Any ideas please? Confused...
  11. M

    Toilet flushing problem

    Hi, can anyone explain why my toilet does not flush the contents away now that I have had a new cistern fitted. The plumber came back and adjusted the volume of water in the cistern, then came back and replaced the mechanism which began sticking, preventing it filling up. Still I have this...
  12. P

    Convert vertical toilet waste

    I currently have a floor standing pan in a downstairs cloakroom. The waste is vertical about 10mm on the inside of a 2- brick external wall. As I'm completely retiling the room, can I fit a connector that runs horizontally behind the current waste below floor level( by cutting off some of the...
  13. S

    How to move toilet tank back 6 inches?

    Hello everyone Moved into a 5 year old ‘new build’ property recently and the toilet was leaking from where the tank meets the bowl. Nothing heavy but enough to need repairing. Anyway Found out that the toilet tank was leaning very far back and fixed to the wall. The only way to stop the leak...
  14. H

    URGENT Sani Compact gives off gas odor

    Sanicompact C4 SFA Saniflo 120 V Sanicompact Recently installed this unit and gas odor is strong when flushing, have replaced part F but odor persists. What can be done to fix this?
  15. C

    Help with toilet flush valve sticking

    I recently moved into a new flat and both toilets were dripping when not in use. I found that the issue was the flush valve seal and replaced it on both of them. It stopped the dripping but the issue now is that sometimes it sticks after flushing and I need to give it a wiggle to make it go back...
  16. J

    Toilet pan connector to 5" pipe?

    Installing a new toilet in a small cloakroom. The previous toilet was connected to the waste through a 5" plastic fitting that is attached (cemented) into the 4" soil pipe below. I can't seem to find any adapter or pan connector that will fit this ancient fitting - any advice? Or should I just...
  17. P

    Back to Wall Toilet not flush on new build

    Hi there, The issue that I am having is I am building a new house and the plumbers are absolutely hopeless. Being an industrial plumber and spending 8 months on new houses during my apprenticeship. I have a more brighter idea than these fella's. From issues during rough-in-stage pipe being...
  18. B

    Looking for Ultimate Toilet Set Up to Deal With Bowl Busting Poos!

    Hello, I've had unfortunate issues throughout my adult life and more so since switching to a largely plant based diet of blocking toilets. Across multiple houses I've run into issues with it so I don't think it's one toilet specific, it's just me. I seem to produce a lot of poo! While it...
  19. C

    Toilet flush valve and ball valve

    Hi everyone, The flush button on my toilet has stopped working. I have been quoted £95 to supply and fit a new flush valve and £75 to supply and fit a new ball valve. Please could someone kindly advise if this is a reasonable price? Thank you.
  20. Marko222

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    Hi The toliet pipes attched to the Macerator started to leak water yesterday when flushed. The macerator made a longer than noirmal whirring noise too. None of the waters been flushed and waste has come into the bowl with water, right to the top. I've ordered a water pump vacuum from amazon...
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